India's First Solar Mission, Aditya L1, Achieves Successful Launch

Rozana Spokesman  | Amanat Thaper

News, Nation

India's Mission Aims to investigate solar flares, which can potentially disrupt telecommunications, navigation, GPS, & weather forecasting

Solar Mission

SRIHARIKOTA: Building on the success of Chandrayaan-3, India's lunar mission, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has achieved another milestone by successfully launching the Aditya-L1 mission, marking the nation's inaugural venture into solar exploration. The Aditya-L1 mission is dedicated to studying the sun, specifically focusing on the phenomenon of solar winds and their potential impact on Earth, including the captivating auroras.

The Aditya-L1 Spacecraft is ingeniously designed to traverse approximately 1.5 million kilometers (930,000 miles) over a span of four months. This journey leads the spacecraft to a unique orbital parking spot where the gravitational forces of celestial bodies keep objects relatively stationary, minimizing fuel consumption, a significant engineering feat in itself.

Significantly, Named after the Hindi word for the Sun, Aditya L1 commenced its journey from India's primary spaceport in Sriharikota, utilizing the robust PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle). Notably, the distance Aditya L1 is slated to cover surpasses that of Chandrayaan-3's mission destination, spanning around 400,000 kilometers from Earth. Among India's space endeavors, only the Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan) has ventured farther, reaching approximately 200 million kilometers from Earth.

The Aditya-L1 mission boasts a suite of seven specialized instruments that will facilitate comprehensive research into the solar corona (the sun's outermost layer), the photosphere (the sun's surface), and the chromosphere (a thin layer of plasma located between the photosphere and the corona).

The strategic choice of the Lagrange point, an area where the gravitational forces of the Sun and Earth are delicately balanced, enables Aditya L1 to remain in a stable position with minimal energy expenditure. This strategic advantage is of paramount importance, especially given the ever-increasing number of satellites orbiting Earth. India's mission aims to investigate solar flares, which can potentially disrupt telecommunications, navigation, remote sensing, GPS, and weather forecasting, all vital functions performed by these satellites.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi enthusiastically congratulated ISRO for the successful launch of India's maiden space-based solar observatory, Aditya L1, from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated ISRO for the successful launch of Aditya L1, India's first space-based solar observatory, from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh on Saturday. In a Post on 'X' (Formerly called as Twitter), PM Modi wrote, " Congratulations to our scientists and engineers at ISRO for the successful launch of India’s first Solar Mission, Aditya -L1. Our tireless scientific efforts will continue in order to develop a better understanding of the Universe for the welfare of entire humanity."